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Shangdong Province Travel Guide

Provincial capital: Jinan

Population: 94 millions

Geological location: Situated in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, on China's eastern coast line, the province's territory consists of the Shandong Peninsular and adjacent inland. Protruding into the conjunction area of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea, the peninsula faces the Liaodong Peninsular of Liaoning Province over the sea. Its inland adjoins the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu. The province stretches 420 km from south to north and 700 km from east to west, covering an area of 156,700 sq km.

Map of Shandong Province

Climate: The province has a warm temperate monsoon climate with most rainfall concentrated in the hot summer. It has short spring and autumn but long winter and summer. The mean temperatures in a year are 11-14 °C. The annual average rainfall is between 550-950 mm. Natural calamities occur often.

Tourism resources: With beautiful natural landscapes and numerous historical and cultural relics, Shandong has rich tourist resources. It offers a string of tourist attractions, such as Mount Taishan and the Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius, two World Heritage sites; Lingzi, capital of the ancient Qi State; Penglai, the well known "fairyland on earth"; Mount Laoshan, a sacred land of Taoism; Weifang, the "world capital of kites"; Qingdao, a charming coastal city famous for its annual International Beer Fair; Yantai, known worldwide as a wine producer; Rongcheng, a place considered as "the edge of the world" by ancient Chinese; Jinan, the provincial capital honored as "the city of springs"; and the site for watching the wonderful scene of the torrential Yellow River running into the sea.

Travelers to Shandong are usually impressed by the well established transportation system in the province. Convenient transportation has contributed a lot to the booming development of the tourism industry in Shandong.

By Air: Besides the capital city of Jinan which has flight connections with almost all the major Chinese cities, Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai all have international airports with flights to both domestic cities and international destinations. The Qingdao International Airport is the second largest airport along China's eastern coast. Besides these, Weifang and Lingyi also have airports.

By Train: The railway system in Shandong is composed of over a dozen railways which are connected to almost all tourist destinations in Shandong. Jinan and Yanzhou are the railway hubs of the province, from both of the cities over a hundred trains run daily within the territory of Shandong. It is convenient to travel by train from all major cities in China to get to Shandong province.

By Bus: The province boasts one of the best provincial level highway systems in China, including a considerable number of express-ways. Road transportation has become the easiest way for tourists to travel within the province. There are buses here linking all cities in the province and many cities out of the province. Buses usually run on a fairly regular schedule.

By Boat: Shandong Peninsular is surrounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea. Many cities in the province have regular passenger boat services to domestic and even international destinations. Cities like Qingdao and Weihai serve boat routes to Japan and Korea. Cities like Yantai, Qingdao and Weihai have boat connections with other domestic cities such as Dalian, Shanghai and Tianjin.