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Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Travel Guide

Provincial capital: Yinchuan

Population: 6 millions

Geological location: The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, which is called Ning for short, is located in northwest China, on the upper reaches of the Yellow River. One of China's five autonomous regions inhabited by the minority groups, it borders Shaanxi Province in the east, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the north, and Gansu Province in the south.

Map of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Climate: The winters are cold and short while the summers are hot and short. The temperature is the lowest in January, ranging from -10°C to -7°C and highest in July, where it reaches 17°C to 24°C. Annual rainfall averages from 190-700 millimeters. The best time to visit Ningxia should be between May and October.

Tourism resources: The varied landforms in the province provide a multitude of tourist resources and places of interest. There are oases as well as deserts. Helan Mountain is in the northwest, and the Liupan Mountain range runs through the south part of the province.

One of Ningxia's main tourist spot is the famous Xixia Tomb located 30 kilometers west of Yinchuan. There are the tombs of 9 emperors of the Xixia dynasty and 200 other tombs from that era. Other famous sites in Ningxia include Helan Shan, the mysterious 108 Dagobas and the Twin Pagodas of Baisikou.

By Air: In September 1999, the Hedong Airport in Yinchuan, a fourth-degree modern airport which allows various large- and medium-size aircrafts to take off and land, went into operation. Yinchuan has air routes to Beijing, Shanghai, Xi’an, Guangzhou, Foshan, Chengdu, Urumqi, Wuhan, and Chongqing and formed an aviation network leading to north, southeast, and southwest China.

By Train: The Baotou-Lanzhou Railway passes through northern and central Ningxia, and the Zhongwei-Baoji Electrified Railway, the second passage from the coastal areas to the northwest, turns Ningxia into a vital point on the “second Eurasian bridge.” The completion of the electrification of the Baotou-Lanzhou Railway will further improve transport facilities in the autonomous region.

By Bus: At the end of 2003, the length of highways open to traffic reached 11,916 kilometers, a real increase of 671 kilometers from the previous year. Of the figure, express highways amounted to 526 kilometers, and Grade One &Two highways 2,140 kilometers.