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Liaoning Province Travel Guide

Provincial capital: Shenyang

Population: 44 millions

Geological location: Liaoning Province, situated in the south of northeast China, lies at 181°53' to 125°46' east longitude, and 38°43' to 43°26' north latitude. Liaoning is in a temperate zone and adjoins Jilin and Hebei provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and is bordered along the Yalu River by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).

Map of Liaoning Province

Climate: Liaoning province lies in the east of the Eurasian Continent. It features temperate continental monsoon climate with a long winter, a warm summer and a short spring and autumn. The province receives annual sunlight radiation ranging from 100-200 calories per square cm, and 2100-2600 hours of sunlight with average temperature of 7-11o C. It enjoys 130- 200 days frost free period and 600- 1100 mm of precipitation every year. The annual rainfall is 1100 mm in the east hilly area; while in the west hilly region which is connected with Inner Mongolian plateau, the yearly precipitation is 400 mm. The rainfall in central plain is moderate with about 600 mm per year.

Tourism resources: The Mukden Palace was the palace of the Qing Dynasty emperors before they conquered the rest of China and moved their capital to Beijing. Though not as large nor as famous as its counterpart (the Forbidden City) in Beijing, the Mukden palace is significant for its representation of palace architecture at the time, and has recently been included on the UNESCO World Heritage Site as an extension of the Imperial Palace site in Beijing.

In addition, three imperial tombs dating from the Qing Dynasty are located in Liaoning. These tomb sites have been grouped with other Ming and Qing Dynasties tombs (such as the Ming Dynasty Tombs in Beijing, and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum in Nanjing) as a combined UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Wunu Mountain City, a Goguryeo site found in Huanren Manchu Autonomous County, is part of a combined UNESCO World Heritage Site that also includes sites in Ji'an, Jilin.

The port city of Dalian, located on the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula, is a tourist destination in its own right, with beaches, resorts, zoos, seafood, shopping, Russian- and Japanese-era architecture, and streetcars, a rare sight in China.

Dandong, on the border with North Korea, is a medium-sized city that offers a cross-river view of the North Korean city of Sinŭiju.

As a base of heavy industry in China, Liaoning has the most comprehensive and dense railway network of all provinces. It also has an extended highway connection, two international civil airports and the large Dalian sea port.

By air: The Shenyang Taoxian International Airport has flights to Beijing, Chengdu, Harbin, Changchun, Dalian, Shanghai and Shenzhen, as well as international flights to Hongkong, Irkutsk, Osaka, Pyongyang, Seoul. Dalian also has regular flights to and from cities in Japan and South Korea, as well as domestic destinations, such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai.

By Train: Major railways pass Liaoning province including the Beijing-Harbin Line, Shenyang-Dalian Line, Shenyang-Jilin Line and Shenyang-Dandong Line. Shenyang is conveniently a railroad junction with many direct trains to and from most major cities, while Dalian is not so easily reachable from the south as it is set at the southern tip of the Liaoning Peninsula.

By Bus: Road transport is an alternative means of travel for short distances - for long routes the roads might not be good enough. The Shenyang-Dalian, Beijing-Shenyang, Shenyang-Fushun and Shenyang-Dandong (under construction) form the major provincial road network in Liaoning.

By Boat: Passenger boats connect Dalian port with several coastal cities in China, such as Weihai and Yantai in Shandong Province, Qinhuangdao or Shanghai.