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Jingsu Province Travel Guide

Provincial capital: Nanjing

Population: 76 millions

Geological location: Jiangsu, situated at the center of the eastern coast, is between 116°18' and 121°57' east longitude and between 30°45' and 35°20' north latitude. It stretches on both banks of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and boards the Yellow Sea in the east. Its coastline extends some 1,000 km. The province links Anhui and Shandong in the northwest and borders on Shanghai and Zhejiang in the southeast. It covers a total area of 102,600 sq km, making up 1.06% of China's total territory.

Map of Jiangsu Province

Climate: Located in a transit belt from the subtropics to a warm temperate zone, Jiangsu features a distinctive monsoon climate. Generally speaking, the area south of the Huaihe River and the Northern Jiangsu General Irrigation Canal enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate while the area northward enjoys a warm temperate humid monsoon climate. It is warm with moderate rainfalls and clear-cut seasons in the province. The annual average temperature is between 13-16 centigrade. The annual rainfall is between 724-1,210 mm. The rainfall in summer accounts for 50% of the annual rainfall.

Tourism resources: Jiangsu has a long history of a relatively developed economy and culture. Rich in landscape gardens, scenic attractions and historical sites, it is noted for having the largest number of historical cities in the country. Such cities include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Changshu, Xuzhou and Huai'an. There are 20 scenic spots, 23 forest parks, 6 holiday resorts and 416 cultural heritage sites under the state and provincial-level protection. Classical gardens in Suzhou were put on the world cultural heritage site list by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

Transportation
Jiangsu is home to one of the most extensive transportation networks in China.

By Air: Xuzhou Airport, Yancheng Airport, and Lianyungang Airport serve as hubs in northern Jiangsu. In the south, Nanjing Lukou International Airport (IATA: NKG, ICAO: ZSNJ) serves as the major airport in the province, with flights to Tokyo, Osaka, Hong Kong, Seoul-Incheon, Frankurf and Bangkok. Other passenger airports include Changzhou Benniu Airport, Wuxi Shuofang Airport, and Nantong Airport. Air traffic in the populated Suzhou area is often diverted to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, to which Suzhou is conveniently connected to via bus services and by expressway.

By Train: The southern part of the province, namely the Shanghai-Nanjing corridor, has regular railway service by every 10 minutes. Jiangsu is en route of the Jinghu Railway from Beijing to Shanghai. The newly opened CRH2 EMU high-speed train services makes travelling along the corridor extremely convenient. The trains pass through Kunshan, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Danyang, Zhenjiang, and Nanjing. Yangzhou has been connected by railway since 2004. Till 2007 all major cities in Jiangsu except Suqian have been connected. The Xinchang Railway originates in Xinyi and heads south, passing through Huaian, Yancheng, Taizhou, Haian, Jiangyin and Yixin. Lianyungang is the terminus of the Longhai Railway.

By Bus: Jiangsu's road network is one of the most developed in the country. The Jinghu Expressway crosses the province. The Huning Expressway links Shanghai with Nanjing. The Ningchang Expressway links Nanjing with Changzhou. The Suzhou area is extensively networked with expressways, going in all directions. The Yanhai Expressway links the coastal regions of the province, passing through Nantong, Yancheng, and Lianyungang. Presently, with the development of the Sutong Bridge and Jiangyin Bridge, the northern part of the province is effectively linked by road to the southern part, historically having been divided by the Yangtze River.

By Boat: The main harbors are: Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Taizhou, Jiangyin and Nantong. It is convenient to travel from Nanjing to Hankou and Chongqing, and from Nantong to Shanghai. On the canal, there are travel boats from Suzhou and Wuxi to Hangzhou.