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Henan Province Travel Guide

Provincial capital: Zhengzhou

Population: 68 millions

Geological location: Henan Province is located in eastern central China, on the plain between the Yellow and Huaihe rivers. As most part of the province lies to the south of the Yellow River, which runs for over 700 km through its territory, it was given the name Henan (River South). Neighboring Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Anhui and Shandong provinces, Henan covers an area of 167,000 sq km.

Map of Henan Province Luoyang City White Horse Temple Shaolin Temple Zhengzhou City

Climate: Henan has a continental climate of the north temperate zone, with hot, rainy summer, dry, inclement winter and windy spring. It has a mean annual temperature of 13°-15°C, increasing from north to south, an annual frost-free period of 6-8 months, and a mean annual precipitation of 600-900 mm, also increasing from north to south.

Tourism resources: TThe Yellow River is said to have been the cradle of the Chinese people. The history of Henan dates back to the oldest human civilization known today. For 1000 years, tens of dynasties and kingdoms had their capital in Henan, either in Luoyang or in Kaifeng, and both of these cities are ranked today as members of the elite "seven ancient capitals".

This rich historic heritage has endowed the province with numerous historic treasures. The Shaolin Monastery, origins of the art of Kungfu, and the Baima Temple are the highlights of this small province.

Henan is one of China's most central provinces and as such it is possible to reach almost all major destinations from here, using most types of traditional transport.

By air: Although Luoyang also has an airport with several domestic flights, most of the flights linking Henan still use the airport of Zhengzhou, the provincial capital of Henan. Flights from Zhengzhou reach most important domestic cities. For more information on flights please refer to Zhengzhou Transportation.

By Train: This is the most common way to travel to Henan. The province is on the intersection of several important links of the Chinese Railway System. These Rail links still meet in Zhengzhou, making the city the biggest railway hub in China, even in Asia. From Zhengzhou, numerous trains take travelers to Luoyang, Kaifeng and other provincial destinations. Zhengzhou, Kaifeng and Luoyang are all located along the Shanghai-Lanzhou Railway, which makes trips between the three cities convenient.

By Bus: A high quality express highway has already been constructed between Luoyang and Kaifeng, via Zhengzhou, and trips between any two of these cities can be made within hours. There are also express ways from Zhengzhou to Beijing and express ways to Sanmenxia and Ahangqiu are to be completed in the near future. Getting to Songshan, one of China's five sacred mountains, is best done via either Luoyang or Zhengzhou. For details regarding provincial transportation, please refer to the transportation overview of each city respectively.