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Chengdu Metro commonly known as Metro in Chengdu is a metro system in Chengdu. It initially has one line, Line 1, which was constructed between December 2005 and 2010 (trial operation in March 2010 and formal opening on 27 September 2010). There will be five lines constructed in the first phase, covering 126 km with 116 stations including 11 interchange stations. Line 1 will have 17 stations at first along the 18.5 kilometre route. The first phase starts Shenxian Lake and end at Century City. Chengdu is tie with Shenyang as the 9th major cities in the People's Republic of China to have a functioning metro system, after Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong. It is operated by Chengdu Metro Limited Liability Company. On September 27, 2010 Chengdu Metro was officially opened, making it the first all-Heavy Rail metro system in western China.

Chengdu Metro, Map of Chengdu

The construction of the first phase of Line 1, costing 7 billion yuan, will change the city. One of the metro planners said the construction of the metro will change the layout of residential quarters in the city, with residential areas moving out to the suburbs. A natural ventilation system has been used in the construction of the underground section of Line 1 on the subway system from Southern Third Ring Road to Chengdu New Exhibition and Convention Center. Square ventilation units are built every 30m along the subway top to allow fresh air from the ground enter the construction site underground. The method is used in subway construction in other countries as it cuts the construction cost and it saves energy. The subway system is the first in China to adopt such a ventilation system during construction. Chengdu Metro is planning to set up a section for subway fire control and introduce the latest fire fighting technologies and vehicles.